IELTS LEARNING – Australian Aboriginal Rock Paintings S19GT4


Australian Aboriginal Rock Paintings

Lecturer: Good morning, everyone. I’ve been invited to talk about my research project into Australian Aboriginal rock paintings. The Australian Aborigines have recorded both real and symbolic images of their time on rock walls for many thousands of years. Throughout the long history of this tradition, new images have appeared and new painting sells have developed, and these characteristics can be used to categorise the different artistic styles. Among these are what we call the dynamic am and modern styles of painting. One of the most significant characteristics all the different cells, is the way that humans are depicted in the paintings. The more recent paintings show people in static poses, but the first human images to dominate rock art paintings over 8000 years ago were full of movement. The’s paintings showed people hunting and cooking food, and so they were given the name dynamic to reflect this energy. It’s quite amazing considering there were painted in such a simple stick like form in the yam period, there was a movement away from stick figures tow a more naturalistic shape. However, they didn’t go as far as the modern style, which is known as X ray because it actually makes a feature of the internal skeleton as well as the organs of animals and humans. The Yan style of painting got its name from the fact that it featured much curvy of figures that actually resemble the vegetable. Call the M, which is similar to a sweet potato. The modern paintings are interesting because they include paintings. At the time of the first contact with European settlers, Aborigines managed to convey the idea of the settlers clothing by simply painting the Europeans without any hands, indicating the habit of standing with their hands in their pockets. Size is another characteristic. The more recent images tend to be life size or even larger, but the dynamic figures are painted in miniature. Aboriginal rock art also records the environmental changes that occurred over thousands of years. For example, we know from the dynamic paintings that over 8000 years ago aborigines would have rarely eaten fish and sea levels were much lower this time. In fact, fish didn’t start to appear in paintings until the end period, along with shells and other marine images. The paintings of the yam tradition also suggests that during this time the aborigines moved away from animals, is their main food source and began including vegetables in their diet Is Thies feature prominently. Fresh water creatures didn’t appear in the paintings until the modern period from 4000 years ago, so these paintings have already taught us a lot. But one image that has always intrigued us is known as the Rainbow Serpent. The Rainbow Serpent, which is the focus of my most recent project, gets its name from its snake or serpent like body, and it first appeared in the Yam period 4 to 6000 years ago. Many believe it is a curious mixture of kangaroos, snake and crocodile, but we decided to study the Rainbow Serpent paintings to see if we could locate the animal that the very first painter’s based their image on the end period coincided with the end of the last ice age. This brought about tremendous change in the environment with sea levels rising and creeping steadily inland. This flooded many familiar land features and also caused a great deal of disruption to traditional patterns of life. Hunting in particular, new shores were formed, and totally different creatures would have washed up onto the shores. We studied 107 paintings of the Rainbow Serpent and found that the one creature that matches it most closely was the ribbon to pipe fish, which is a type of seahorse. This sea creature would have been a totally unfamiliar sight in the inland regions where the image is found, and it may have been the inspiration behind the early paintings. So at the end of the ice age, there would have been enormous changes in animal and plant life. It’s not surprising, then, that the Aborigines linked this abundance to the new creatures they witnessed. Even today, Aborigines see the Rainbow Serpent as a symbol of creation, which is understandable given the increase in vegetation and the new life forms that featured when the image first appeared.


Attempt full listening test…






Westbury Hotel: Hello, Westbury Hotel. Can I help you?

Candidate: Oh, good morning. I’m ringing about your advertisement in the Evening Gazette

Westbury Hotel: is not the one for temporary staff. That’s right.Yes, I’m afraid the person who’s dealing with that isn’t in today. But I can give you the main details if you like.

Candidate: Just please.Could you tell me what kind of staff you’re looking for?

Westbury Hotel: We’re looking for waiters. At the moment. There was one post for a cook, but that’s already been taken.

Candidate: All right,what are the hours of work?

Westbury Hotel: There are two different shifts. There’s a day shift from 7 to 2 on a late shift from four till 11.

Candidate: And can people choose which one they want to do?

Westbury Hotel: Not normally, because everyone would choose the day shift. I suppose you alternate from one week to another.

Candidate: Okay, I’m just writing all this down.What about time off.

Westbury Hotel: You get one day off and I think you can negotiate. Which one? You want it more or less up to you. But it has to be the same one every week.

Candidate: Do you know what the rates of pay er

Westbury Hotel: Yes, I’ve got them here.You get £5. 50 an hour on that includes a break.

Candidate: So I have to go home to eat or

Westbury Hotel: you don’t have to. You could get a meal in the hotel if you want to. And there’s no charge for it. So you might as well.

Candidate: Oh, good, yes. So let’s see. I get it. 221 2 £131 a week.

Westbury Hotel: You don’t feel get tips are guests tend to be quite generous Before

Candidate: Is there a uniform? What about clothes?

Westbury Hotel: Yes, I forgot to mention that You need to wear a white show. It just a plain one on dark trousers. You know, not green or anything like that on. We don’t supply those.

Candidate: That’s okay. I’ve got trousers. I just have to buy a couple of shirts. What about anything else to do? I need a waistcoat or anything.

Westbury Hotel: You have to wear a jacket. But the hotel lend you that.

Candidate: I see one last thing.I don’t know what the starting date is

Westbury Hotel: in just a minute. I think it sometime around the end of June. Yes, the 28th in time for the summer.

Candidate: That’s great. I’m available from the tent.

Westbury Hotel: Oh, good. Well, if you can call again, you need to speak to the service manager. Her name’s Jane Irwin. That’s you R W I non. She’ll probably arrange to meet you.

Candidate: Okay, Andi, when’s the best time to rink?

Westbury Hotel: Could you call tomorrow?She usually starts checking the rooms at midday. So before then, if you can, so she’ll have more time to chat.

Westbury Hotel: I’ll just give you her number because she’s got a direct line. Thanks. It’s 832 double, 09

Candidate: 823 double, 09

Westbury Hotel: 832

Candidate: Okay, I guess I’ll do that

Westbury Hotel: on by the way, she will ask you for a reference. So you might like to be thinking about that, You know, just someone who knows you and can vouch for you.

Candidate: Yes, No problem. Well, thanks very much for your help.

Westbury Hotel: You’re welcome. Bye. Boy.


Attempt full listening test…



IELTS LISTENING – Improvements to Red Hill Suburb S19GT2


Improvements to Red Hill Suburb

Carol: Good morning and welcome again to your city today.With me today is Graham Campbell, a counsellor from the City Council. You’ll be telling us about the plan to improve the fast growing suburbs off Red hill. Good morning, gramme and welcome to the show.

Graham: Morning, Carol.

Carol: Now Graham, I understand that there has been a lot of community consultation for the new plan.

Graham: Yes, we try to address some of the concerns that local groups told us about people we’ve heard from the mainly worried about traffic in the area and in particular, the increasing speed of cars near schools. They feel that it’s only a matter of time before there’s an accident. Has a lot of children walk to school? So we’re trying to do something about that.Another area of concern is the overhead power lines. He’s a very old and a lot of people we spoke to asked if something could be done about them. Well, I’m happy to report that the power company have agreed to move the power lines underground at a cost of $800,000.I think that really improve the look of the area as well as being safer.

Carol: That’s good to know. But will that mean an increase in rates for the local businesses in that area?

Graham: Well, the power company have agreed to bear the cost of this themselves after a lot of discussion with the council. This is wonderful news, as the council now has an extra funds for us to put into other things, like tree planting an artwork. Now we’ve also put together a map, which you send out to all the residents in the area and on the map with Mark proposed changes. First Evil plant mature pine trees to provide shelter and shay just to the right of the supermarket in days road. In order to address the traffic problems. The payments on the corner of Carberry and Thomas street will be widened. This will help to reduce the speed of vehicles entering Thomas Street. We think it’s very important to separate the local residential streets in the main road, so the roadway at the entrance of Thomas Street from Days Road will be painted red. This should market more clearly and act as a signal for traffic to slow down. One way of making sure that the pedestrians are safe is to increase. Sign it. The intersections keep clear. Sign will be erected at the junction of Evelyn Street and Hill Street to enable traffic to exit at all times. Something we’re planning to do to help control the flow of traffic in the area is to instal traffic lights halfway down Hill Street, where it crosses days road. Now we haven’t only thought about the cars and traffic. Of course, there’s also something for the children began to get schoolchildren in the area to research a local storey. The life of a local sports hero, perhaps, and an artist will incorporate that storey into paintings on the wall of a building on the other side of Hill Street from the supermarket. And finally, we’ve agreed to build the new children’s playground, which will be at the other end of Hill Street, close to the intersection with Carvery Street.

Carol: Wonderful. Now what’s the next stage?

Graham: Well, the final plan


Attempt full listening test…






Study English in a national university with students from many countries.

  • 4-week blocks
  • 5 hours’ tuition each day
  • Examination preparation
  • University entry (with appropriate academic and English requirements)

Choice of accommodation for all students – homestays with local families or in Halls of Residence with New Zealand students.

The Totara Language Institute is part of the University of Waikato in the city of Hamilton, in New Zealand’s North Island. Intensive English classes are taught in four-week blocks throughout the year and students may enrol for as many blocks as they wish. Classes are for 5 hours each day, Monday to Friday, and include preparation for several international English language examinations. All the courses are taught by highly qualified teachers, many of whom also teach on Language Institute graduate programmes in second language teaching and applied linguistics. Classes are small, usually from 10-12 students with a maximum number of 15, and normally contain a mix of students from a wide range of countries. Students who study English at the Language Institute become international members of the Waikato Students’ Union. The option is available to move on to university study if students meet the English language and academic entry levels for their choice of programme. The Language Institute provides student support, welfare and activities services. Students are met at Auckland airport on arrival and accommodation is provided with local families or in University Halls of Residence with New Zealand students.

Hamilton, one of New Zealand’s fastest growing cities, is ideally located for a wide range of leisure and cultural activities. The Waikato river, the longest river in New Zealand, flows through the centre of the city, providing a picturesque and park-like setting of riverside walks and gardens. The Waikato region is a diverse agricultural area, rich in historic sites, arts and crafts, hot springs, native forests, mountains and rivers. Within easy reach is an unspoilt coastline; the wild and rugged west coast beaches famous for surfing, and the more peaceful east coast resorts are only a short drive from Hamilton. Further afield the mountains of the central North Island, 3 hours’ drive away, provide superb ski facilities in winter and hiking country in summer.

The Language Institute activities coordinator can assist students to arrange any sport and leisure activities. Assistance is also available for ongoing travel arrangements for students. Students on a visitor visa or work permit may study for a maximum of 3 months. Courses of longer duration require a student permit which is issued for the length of study only.


Attempt full reading test…




Lecturer: So welcome to your introductory geography lecture. We’ll begin with some basics. Firstly, what do we learn by studying geography? Well, we learned a great deal about all the processes that have affected and that continue to affect the Earth’s surface. But we learn far more than that because Freddy and geography also informs us about the different kinds of relationships that developed between a particular environment and the people that live there. Okay, we like to think of geography as having two main branches. There’s the study of the nature of our planet. It’s physical features what it actually looks like. And then there’s the study of the ways in which we choose to live and of the impact of those on our planet. The current use of carbon fuels is a good example of that, but there are more specific study areas to consider two, and we’ll be looking at each of these in turn throughout the semester. These include by physical geography, by which I mean the study of the natural environment and all its living things, Then this topography that looks at the shapes of the land and oceans. There’s the study off political, geography and social geography, too, of course, which is the study of communities of people. We have economic geography, in which we examine all kinds of resources and their use agriculture, for example. Next comes historical geography, the understanding of how people and their environments and the ways they interact have changed over a period of time  and urban geography, an aspect I’m particularly interested in, which takes as its focus the location of cities, the services that those cities provide, and migration of people to and from such cities. And lastly we have cartography. That’s the art and science of not making you will be doing a lot of that. So to summarise before we continue, we now have our key answer. Studying this subject is important because without geographical knowledge we would know very little about our surroundings, and we wouldn’t be able to identify all the problems that relate to them. So by definition we wouldn’t be in an informed position to work out how to solve any off. Um, okay, now for some practicalities. What do geographers actually do? Well, we collect Dieter to begin with, you’ll be doing a lot of that on your first field trip. How do we do this? There are several means. We might, for example, conduct the senses counter population in a given area. Perhaps we also need images of the Earth’s surface, which we can produce by means of computer generation technology or with the help of satellite realise we’ve come a very long way from the early exploration of the world by sailing ships when geographers only had pens and paper at their disposal. After we’ve gathered our information, we must analyse it. We need to look for patterns, most commonly those of causes and consequences. This kind of information helps us to predict and resolve problems that could affect the world we live in. But we don’t keep all this information confidential. We then need to publish our findings so that other people can access it and be informed by it. And one way in which this information could be published it in the form of maps you’ll all have used one at some stage of your life already, let’s consider the benefits of maps from a geographers perspective. Maps can be folded and put in a pocket and can provide a great store of reference when they’re collected into an atlas. They can depict the physical features off the entire planet of necessary or just a small part of it in much greater detail. But there is a drawback. You can’t exactly replicate something that is three dimensional, like our planet on a flat piece of paper, because paper has only two dimensions, and that means they will always be a certain degree of distortion on a map. It can’t be avoided. We can also use aerial photographs, pictures taken by cameras at high altitude above the earth. These are great for showing all kinds of geographical features that are not easy to see from the ground. You can easily illustrate areas of disease trees or how much traffic is on the roads at a given time or information about deep sea beds, for example. Then there are land sets, these air satellites that circle the earth and transmit visual information to computers and receiving stations. They circle the Earth several times a day and can provide a massive information. You’ll be familiar with the information they give us about the weather, for example, So what we’re going to do now is look a short presentation in which you’ll see all these.

Attempt full listening test…



IELTS LISTENING – Rented Properties Customer’s Requirements S20GT1


Rented Properties Customer’s Requirements

State Agent: Good morning. How can I help you?

Customer: Hello. I’m interested in renting a house somewhere in the town.

State Agent: Right. Uh, could I have your name, please?

Customer: Yes. It’s Steven Godfrey

State Agent: on The. Tell me how many bedrooms you’re looking

Customer: for. Well, we need four because I’m going to share the house with three friends.

State Agent: Okay. There are several of that size on our books. They mostly belong to families who are working abroad at the moment. What about the location?

Customer: It’d be nice to be central. That

State Agent: might be difficult as most houses of that size or in the suburbs. So there are a few. What’s your upper limit for the rent? We’d

Customer: like something around £500 a month, but we could go up to £600 if we have to, but we can’t go beyond that.

State Agent: Do you know how long you want to rent the house for the minimum lettuce? Six months. As you probably realise,

Customer: we’re a college here for two years, and we don’t wanna have to move during that time. If we can avoid it.

State Agent: Right? Aunt, How soon do you want to move in? All our let’s start on the first of the month?

Customer: Well, as soon as possible. Really? So that means September 1st.

State Agent: Okay, let me have a look at what we’ve got. We have photographs of all the houses on our books so you can get an idea of what they’re like. This’ll one in Oakington Avenue at £550 a month. Combined living room and dining room with a separate kitchen. It doesn’t have a garage, though. You can park in the road.

Customer: We prefer to have one if possible. All

State Agent: right, then have a look at this house in Mead Street. It’s got a very large living room and kitchen bathroom cloakroom.

Customer: How much is

State Agent: it? That one’s 580? It’s very well furnished and equipped. It also has plenty of space for parking on. It’s available for a minimum of a year. Oh, and there’s a big garden.

Customer: I don’t think we could cope with that. To be honest, we’ll be too busy to look after it.

State Agent: OK, then there’s this older house in Hamilton Road Living Room, Kitchen Diner, Andi. Have a study 550 a month

Customer: that looks rather nice, but whereabouts in Hamilton Road

State Agent: towards the Western end.

Customer: Oh, that will be very noisy. I know the area.

State Agent: Yes, it’s pretty lively, but some people like it. Well, What about this house in Devon? Clothes That looks lovely. There’s a big demand for houses in that area, so prices tend to be quite high. But this one hasn’t been decorated for a few years, which has kept the rent down a bit. It’s got a living room dining room on small kitchen. Aunt. It’s 595 a month. I think it would suit you. From what you’ve said, it sounds fine. Before

Customer: Why is that part of town so popular?

State Agent: Well, there’s a big scheme to improve the district, and it’ll soon have the best facilities for miles around.

Customer: What sort of thing?

State Agent: There’s a big sports center under construction, which will be very impressive when it’s finished. In fact, the swimming pool’s already opened ahead of schedule and it’s a captain a lot people.

Customer: What about cinemas? Are there any in the area?

State Agent: The only one closed down last year, and it’s now in the process of being converted into a film museum. The local people are trying to get a new cinema added to the scheme.

Customer: I think I heard something about a plan to replace the existing concert hall with a larger one.

State Agent: Ah, that’s due to start next year.

Customer: Well, it sounds an interesting area to live in. Could I go and see the house, please?

State Agent: Yes, of course.

Attempt full listening test…



IELTS LISTENING – Flanders Conference Hotel S20AT1


Flanders Conference Hotel

Angela: Hello, Flanders. Conference Hotel.

Barrett and Stan Employee: Oh, hi. I wanted to ask about conference facilities at the hotel. Have I come through to the right person

Angela: you have under customer services? Manager? My name’s Angela. So how can I help you?

Barrett and Stan Employee: Well, I’m calling from Barrett and Stans. Sins were a medical company based in purse.

Angela: Oh, yes.

Barrett and Stan Employee: And we’re organising a conference for our clients to be held in Sydney. It’ll be held over two days and we’re expecting about 50 or 60 people.

Angela: When were you thinking of having it?

Barrett and Stan Employee: Sometime early next year. Like the end of January. It would have to be a weekend.

Angela: Ah, let me see. Our conference facilities are already booked for the weekend beginning January. The 28 We could do the first weekend in February.

Barrett and Stan Employee: Help about January 21st.

Angela: h. Oh, I’m afraid that spoke to

Barrett and Stan Employee: Well, let’s go for the February date then.

Angela: So that’s  the weekend beginning the fourth.

Barrett and Stan Employee: Ok, Now, can you tell me a bit about what conference facilities you have?

Angela: Tool? So for talks and presentations. We have the Tessler room.

Barrett and Stan Employee: Sorry,

Angela: Tesla’s. That’s spelled T E S L I. It holds up to 100 people and it’s fully equipped with a projector and so on.

Barrett and Stan Employee: How about a microphone?

Angela: Yes, that will be all set up ready for you. And there’ll be one that members of the audience can use. Two for questions if necessary.

Barrett and Stan Employee: Fine. And we’ll also need some sort of open area where people can sit and have a cup of coffee. And we’d like to have an exhibition of our products and services there as well. So that will need to be quite a big space.

Angela: That’s fine. There’s a central atrium with all those facilities, and you can come before the conference starts. If you want to set everything up,

Barrett and Stan Employee: great on PRESUME this WiFi.

Angela: Oh yes, that’s free and available throughout the hotel. Okay, Would you also like us to provide a buffet lunch? We can do a two course meal with a number of different options.

Barrett and Stan Employee: What sort of price? So we’re looking at for that?

Angela: Well, I can send you a copy of this standard menu that’s $45 per person, or you can have this special for $25 more.

Barrett and Stan Employee: I think the standard should be OK, but yes, send me the menu Now we’re also going to need accommodation on the Saturday night for some of the participants. I’m not sure how many, but probably about 25. So what do you charge for a room?

Angela: Well, for conference attendees, we have a 25% reduction, so we can offer you rooms at $135 normally a standard rooms, $180.

Barrett and Stan Employee: And does that include breakfast?

Angela: Sure. And of course, guests can also make use of all the other facilities at the hotel. So we gotta start where you can get messed Sarge’s and facials and so on. And there’s a pool up on the roof for the use of guests

Barrett and Stan Employee: craze. Now what about transport links? The hotels downtown, isn’t it?

Angela: Yes is about 12 kilometres from the airport, but there’s a complimentary shuttle bus for guests, and it’s only about 10 minutes walk from this central railway station.

Barrett and Stan Employee: Now I don’t know Sydney very well. Can you just give me an idea of the location of the hotel?

Angela: Ah, well, it’s downtown on will be street. That’s quite a small street and it’s not very far from the sea. And of course, if the conference attendees want to go out on this Saturday evening, there’s a huge choice of places to eat. Then if they want to make a night of it, they can go on to one of the clubs in the area. There are a great many to choose from

Barrett and Stan Employee: parquet. And so if we go ahead with this, can you give me some information about how much we’re looking at?


Attempt full listening test…







The next stage in the re-development of the roads in the town of Gatton will mean that Main Street will be closed between Little and Denning Streets from 6am on Saturday, 12 August to 6pm on Sunday, 13 August. The intersections of these streets with Main Street will not be affected.

We expect that the work will be completed at this time without further disruption to traffic.

Motorists should note that Main Street will be closed over the weekend during the hours indicated.

No university bus services will operate through the area between Little and Denning Streets. However, alternative services will operate on bus routes 566 and 45 between Gatton Road, the town centre and the university.

The Transport and Roads Department apologises for any inconvenience caused while improvements are in progress.


Attempt full reading test…


IELTS LISTENING – The Dinosaur Museum S22GT2





The Dinosaur Museum

Education Officer: Hello and thank you for asking me to your teachers meeting to talk about the Dinosaur museum and to tell you a bit about what you can do with your students there. Well, let me give you some of the basic information first, in regard to opening hours, we’re open every day of the week from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. Except on Mondays, when we close at 1:30 p.m. And in fact, the only day in the year when we’re closed is on the 25th of December. You can book a guided tour for your school group any time that were open. If you bring a school group to the museum when you arrive, we ask you to remain with your group in the car park. One or more of the tour guides will welcome you there and brief you about what the tour will be about. We do this there because our entrance is quite small on DH. We really haven’t got much room for briefing groups in the exhibition area as far as the amount of time your need goes. If you bring a school group, you should plan on allowing a minimum of 19 minutes for the visit. This allows 15 minutes to get on and off the coach. 45 minutes for the guided tour on DH 30 minutes for after tour activities. If you’re going to have lunch at the museum, you will, of course, have to allow more time. There are two cafes in the museum, with seating for 80 people. If you want to eat there, you’ll need to reserve some seating as they can get quite crowded at lunchtime, then outside the museum. At the back, there are tables on DH. Students can bring their own lunch and eat it there in the open air. When the students come into the museum Foy, we ask them to cheque in their backpacks with their books, lunchboxes, et cetera, at the cloakroom before they enter the museum proper, I’m afraid. In the past we have had a few things gone missing after school visits, so this is a strict rule. Also, some of the exhibits are fragile, and we don’t want them to be accidentally knocked. But we do provide school students with handouts with questions and quizzes on them. There’s so much that students can learn in the museum, and it’s fun for them to have something to do. Of course, they’ll need to bring something thinker right with For these, we do allow students to take photographs for students who are doing projects. It is useful to make some kind of visual record of what they see, that they can add to their reports on DH. Finally, they should not bring anything to eat into the museum or drinks of any kind. There are also a few things that students Khun do after the tour in the Theatre et on the ground floor. There are continuous screenings of short documentaries about dinosaurs, which they can see it any time. We used to have an activity room with more interactive things like making models of dinosaurs and drawing and painting pictures, even hunting for dinosaur eggs. But unfortunately the room was damaged in a bad storm recently when water came in the roof. So that’s closed at the moment. But we do have a nice centre, where students have access to seedy rooms with a range of dinosaur games. These games are a lot of fun, but they also teach the students about the lives of dinosaurs. How they found food, protected, their habitat, survived threats, that kind of thing on DH. I think that’s all I have to tell you. Please feel free to ask any questions. If he would like to know anything else

Attempt full listening test…


IELTS LISTENING – Summer Music Festival S22GT1




Summer Music Festival

George: You will hear a conversation between two friends called George and Nina about a summer music festival.

Nina: Hi, George. Glad you’re back. Loads of people have phoned you. Really? I felt just like your secretary.

George: Sorry. I went into the library this afternoon to have a look at the newspaper, and I came across something really interesting.

Nina: What a book.

George: No. A brochure from a summer festival. Mainly Spanish music. Look, I’ve got it here.

Nina: Spanish music. I really love the guitar. Let’s have a look. So what’s this group? Guitar Rini?

George: They’re really good. They had a video with all the highlights of the festival that stand in the lobby to the library. So I heard them. They played fantastic instruments, drums and flutes and old kinds of guitars. I’ve never heard anything like it before.

Nina: Sounds great. Okay. Should we go then spoil ourselves?

George: Yes, let’s. The only problem is there aren’t any cheap seats. It’s all one price. Ah,

Nina: Well, in that case, we could sit right at the front,

George: We’d have a really good view.

Nina: Yeah. Though I think that if you sit at the back, you can actually hear the whole thing better. Yes. Anyway, we can decide when we get there. So will you fill in the form or shall I?

George: I’ll do it. Nine. George Neil address 48 North Avenue, West Sea. Do you remember our new post code? Still can’t remember it.

Nina: Just a minute. I’ve got it written down here. Ws 62 Why age do you need the phone too?

George: Please. I’m really bad at numbers

Nina: 01674 Double 532 for two. So let’s book two tickets for guitar Any okay? If you’re sure 7 50 each is all right. How do you feel about the singer?

George: E? I haven’t quite decided, but I’ve noticed something on the booking form that might just persuade me.

Nina: What’s that?

George: Free refreshments.

Nina: Really?

George: Yes. Look here. Sunday 17th of June Singer ticket. £6 Includes drinks in the garden.

Nina: Sounds like a bargain for me.

George: Yeah. Let’s book two tickets for that.

Nina: So what else? I’m feeling quite keen now, How about the pianist on the 22nd of June in Aventura?

George: I just remembered. That’s my evening class tonight.

Nina: That’s okay. I’ll just have to go on my own. But we can go to the Spanish dancing guitar concert together, can’t we?

George: Yes. I’m sure Tom and Karen would enjoy that, too. Good. Heavens! £10. 50 ticket. I can see we’re going to have to go without food for the rest of the week. We need to book for which we were students. Look, children, students and senior citizens get a 50% discount on everything before I’m way.

Attempt full listening test…








How to enrol if you ore abroad …

Please complete the Application Form and send this with the correct Non-Returnable Deposit (see below) to: The Overseas Registrar, Ashwood College, 20 Glossop Street, Midhaven. Tel: 01423-968075; Fax: 01423-968076.















  • confirmation letter
  • invoice
  • certificate of enrolment
  • Transfer request form

























1. Your enrolment form must be accompanied by the course deposit of £100 or, if you are booking accommodation through the school, your course and accommodation deposit of £200

2. Any balance of course and accommodation fees must be paid in full by the first day of your course.

3. All bank charges incurred in sending money to Ashwood College must be paid by the student.

4. Deposits and payments are non-refundable and non-transferable.

5. A charge of £20 will be made for any changes made to the bookings.



Each hour consists of 50 minutes’ tuition and a 10-minute break.

Public and School Holidays

There is no reduction in the fee where a course includes a Public Holiday, except for two weeks at Christmas.


The above centres of Ashwood College do not accept students under 16 years of age.


Students are expected to attend regularly and on time. Students forfeit tuition if they arrive late, are absent or leave before the course ends.

Student Holidays:

Students on long courses, except examination preparation courses, may take a holiday of one week every 12 weeks without losing their course fee for this period.

Location and Time of Course:

Ashwood College has two all-year centres and a summer centre in Midhaven. Before entry to the school, students must take an entry test to determine the level of class they enter. We cannot guarantee the time or location of a student’s course although every attempt is made to place students in the centre and at the time of their choice.


Attempt full reading test…



IELTS LISTENING – Business Finance S20GT4




Business Finance

Lecturer: Good morning, everyone. In the last few lectures, I’ve been dealing with business finance, but now I’m going to move on to business systems. And in today’s lecture, I’m going to talk about what can go wrong when businesses try to copy their own best practises. Once a business has successfully introduced a new process managing a branch, banks say, or selling a new product, the parent organisation naturally wants to repeat that success and capture it if possible, on a bigger scale. The goal, then, is to utilise existing no Lidge and not to generate new knowledge.

It’s the less glamorous activity than pure innovation, but it actually happens more often. As a matter of fact, however surprisingly getting things right. The second time is not necessarily any simpler than it was the first time. Now, there’s been a lot of research into how companies can repeat their previous successes, and it certainly hasn’t been confined to the United States. It seems that most large industries air trying to repeat their own successes and manage the knowledge they’ve acquired. But even so, it has been shown that the overwhelming majority of attempts fail. Ah, host of studies confirmed this, covering a wide range of business settings. Branch banks, retail stores, real estate agencies, factories, call centres to name but a few. So why do so few managers get things right the second or third time? Let’s consider one reason for failure. Placing too much trust in the people who are running the successful operation. The experts shall. We say managers who want to apply existing knowledge typically start off by going to an expert, but such is the person who designed and is running a successful department store and picking their brains. Now this approach can be used if you want to gain a rough understanding of a particular system or understand smaller, isolated problems. The trouble is, even the expert doesn’t fully grasp the whole thing, because when it comes to complex systems, the individual components of the process are interwoven with one another. The expert never has complete access to the necessary information, and the situation’s complicated even further by the fact that experts are usually not aware of their own ignorance. The ignorance can take various forms. For instance, Ah, lot of details of the system are invisible to managers. Some may be difficult to describe, learned on the job and well known by workers, perhaps, but impossible to describe. In a way that’s helpful. And there are some things that people know or do that they’re not even aware of. Now, let’s consider two types of mistake that can occur when a manager actually starts to set up a duplicate system to replicate a successful process. Firstly, perhaps he forgets that he was just trying to copy another process and starts trying to improve on it. Another mistake is trying to use the best parts of various different systems in the hope of creating the perfect combination. Unfortunately, attempts like thes usually turn out to be misguided and lead to problems. Why? Well, for various reasons, perhaps there weren’t really any advantages after all, because the information wasn’t accurate or perhaps the business settings weren’t really comparable. More typically, the advantages are real enough, but there are also disadvantages that have been overlooked. For example, the modifications might compromise safety in some way. So what’s the solution? Well, I don’t intend to suggest that it’s easy to get things right the second time. It’s not. But the underlying problem has more to do with attitudes than the actual difficulty of the task, and there are ways of getting it right. These involve adjusting attitudes, first of all, being more realistic and cautious, really. Secondly, they involve exerting strict controls on the organisational and operational systems. And this in turn, means copying the original as closely as possible, not merely duplicating the physical characteristics of the factory

but also duplicating the skills that the original employees had. Reliance on a template like this offers the huge advantage of built in consistency


Attempt full listening test…



IELTS LISTENING – The National Arts Center S20GT2


The National Arts Center

Dave Green:Hello and welcome to focus on the arts. I’m your host, Dave Green, and this is your very own local radio programme. Every Friday evening we put the spotlight on different arts and culture facilities and look at the shows and events that are on offer in the coming week. And today the focus is on the National Arts Centre. Now, if you don’t already know it yourself, I’m sure you’ve all heard of it. It’s famous throughout the world as one of the major venues for classical music. But did you know that is actually much more than just a place to hear concepts? The centre itself is a huge complex that caters for a great range of arts under a single roof. It houses concert rooms, theatres, cinemas, art galleries on a wonderful public library as well as service facilities, including three restaurants and a bookshop. So at any one time, the choice of entertainment there is simply enormous. So how do they manage to build such a big art complex right in the heart of the city? Well, the area was completely destroyed by bombs during the war in 1940 so the opportunity was taken to create a cultural centre. That would be what they called the city’s gift to the nation. Of course, it took a while for such a big project get started. But it was planned in the sixties, built in the seventies and eventually open to the public in 1983. Ever since then, it has proved to be a great success. It’s not privately owned, like many art centres, but is still in public hands. It’s run by the City Council. Both our National Symphony Orchestra on National Theatre Company were involved in the planning of the project, and they’re now based there, giving regular performances every week. Ondas the centre’s open 363 days of the year. There are plenty of performances to choose from so to give you some idea of what’s on on to help you choose from the many possibilities we’ve made a selection of the star attractions. If you’re interested in classical music, then we recommend you go along to the national on either Monday or Tuesday evening at 7 30 for a spectacular production of The Magic Flute, probably the most popular of all Mozart’s operas. It’s in the garden hall, and tickets start only £8. But you’ll have to be early if you want to get in that cheap. And remember, it’s only on for those two evenings. For those more interested in the cinema, you might like to see the new Canadian film, which is showing on Wednesday evening at eight PM in cinema, too. And that’s called three Lives. It had fantastic reviews on tickets cost just £4.50 which is a reduction on the usual price of £5.50. So it’s really good value, especially for such a great movie. But you can see the center’s main attraction at the weekend because on Saturday and Sunday, 11 a.m. To 10 p.m. They’re showing a wonderful new exhibition that hasn’t been seen anywhere else in Europe. Yet it’s a collection of Chinese art called Faces of China. That’s in Gallery one, and it has some really fascinating paintings and sculptures by leading artists from all over China. On the good news is that it’s completely free, so don’t miss it. So why not go along to the National Arts Centre next week for one or all of these great events, and you can always pick up a programme and cheque out all the other performances and exhibitions on offer or coming soon on almost every day of the year. ext week we’ll be looking at the new Museum of Science.

Attempt full listening test…



IELTS LISTENING – Concerts In University Arts Festival S20AT4


Concerts In University Arts Festival

Lecturer: As you will know, the university is planning an arts festival for later this year and here in the music department. We’ve planned three concerts. These will be public performances and the programme has just being finalised. The theme of the festival is links between the UK and Australia, and this is reflected in the music. Each concert will feature both British and Australian composers. I’ll tell you briefly about the Australian music, as you probably won’t be familiar with that. The first concert will include music by Liza Lim, who was born in Perth, western Australia, in 1966. As a child, Limb originally learned to play the piano like so many children and also the violin. But when she was 11 her teachers encouraged her to start composing. She found this was her real strength, and she studied and later taught composition both in Australia on DH in other countries as a composer, She has received commissions from numerous orchestras, other performers and festivals in several countries. Liza Limbs compositions are vibrant and full of energy, and she often explores Asian on Australian aboriginal cultural sources, including the native instrument, the Didgeridoo. This is featured in a work called The Compass. Her music is very expressive, so although it is complex, it has the power of connecting with audiences and performers alike. In the festival, we’re going to give a semi staged performance off the Oresteia. This is an opera in seven parts, based on the trilogy of ancient Greek tragedies by Aeschylus. Lim composed this when she was in her mid twenties, and he also wrote the text along with Barry Kaskey. It’s performed by six singers, a dancer andan Orchestra that, as well a standard orchestral instruments, includes electric guitar, onda, traditional Turkish stringed instrument. Lim wrote that because the storeys in the tragedies are not easy to tell, the sound she creates are also disturbing, and they include breathing, solving, laughing on whistling. The work lasts around 75 minutes. On the rest of the concert will consist of orchestral works by the British composers Wraith, Vaughan Williams, on DH Frederick Delius, moving on now to our second concert. This will begin with instrumental music by British composers Benjamin Britain on Judith, where after the interval will go to Australia for a piece by Ross Edwards, the tower off Remoteness. According to Edwards, the inspiration for this piece came from nature when he was sitting alone in the dry bed of a creek, overshadowed by the leaves of palm trees listening to the birds and insects, the tower of remoteness he’s scored for piano and clarinet. Edwards says he realised years after writing the piece that he had subconsciously modelled its opening phrase on a bird call. Ross Edwards was born in 1943 in Sydney, Australia, and studied at the Sydney Conservatory, um of music on the universities of Adelaide and Sydney. He’s well known in Australia, and in fact he’s one of the country’s most performed composers. He’s written a wide range of music, from symphonies and concertos to some composed specifically for children. Edwards, his music has been described as being deeply connected to Australia,

 and it could be regarded as a celebration of the diversity of cultures that Australia Khun B, proud off the last of the three Australian composers to be represented in our festival is called Vine, Born in 1950 for Vine like Liza, Limb comes from Perth, western Australia. He took up the cornet at the age of five, switching to the piano. Five years later, however, he went to university to study physics before changing to composition. After graduating, he moved to Sydney and worked as a freelance pianist and composer. Before long, he had become prominent in Australia as a composer for dance and in fact has written 25 scores of that type. In our third concert, Vine will be represented by his music for the flag hand over ceremony of the Olympics, held in 1996. This seven minute orchestral piece was, of course, heard by millions of people worldwide, and we’ll hear it alongside works written by British composers Edward Elgar on DME or recently, Thomas Ad is


Attempt full listening test…



IELTS LISTENING – Total Health Clinic S19AT1


Total Health Clinic

Carl Rogers: I come and take a seat.

Julie Garcia: Thank you.

Carl Rogers: My name’s Carl Rogers. And I’m one of the doctors here at the title Health clinic. So I understand this is your first visit to the clinic. Yes, it is Okay, Well, I hope you’ll be very happy with the service. Your saviour. So if it’s alright with you, I’ll take a few details to help me give you the best possible service Sure So can I Cheque. First of all, that, we have the correct personal details for you. So your full name is Julie and Garcia.

Julie Garcia: That’s correct.

Carl Rogers: Perfect. And can I have a contact phone number?

Julie Garcia: It’s 2194429785

Carl Rogers: okay. And then can I just cheque that we have the correct date of birth?

Julie Garcia: October 10th 1992

Carl Rogers: Oh actually, have 90 91. I’ll just correct that now. Right? So that’s old boot. Now, I just need a few more personal details. Do you have an occupation or the full time or part time?

Julie Garcia: Yes. I work full time in Esterhazy. You know, the restaurant chain? I started off as a waitress there a few years ago, and I’m a manager now.

Carl Rogers: Oh, I know them. Yeah, they’re down on 114th straight out day.

Julie Garcia: That’s right.

Carl Rogers: Yeah, I’ve been there a few times. I just love these salads. That’s good to hear Right? So one more thing I need to know before we talk about why you’re here, Julie. And that’s the name of your insurance company.

Julie Garcia: It’s Kali life insurance. That c A w l E Y.

Carl Rogers: Excellent. Thank you so much. Now. Julie, let’s look at how we can help you. So tell me a little about what brought you here today.

Julie Garcia: Well, I’ve been getting a pain in my knee. The left one. Not very serious at first, but it’s gotten worse. So I thought  to see someone about it.

Carl Rogers: That’s certainly the right decision. So how long have you been aware of this pain? Is it just a few days, or is it longer than that?

Julie Garcia: Longer? It’s been worse for the last couple of days, but it’s three weeks since I first noticed it. It came on quite gradually, though, so I kind of ignored it at first.

Carl Rogers: And have you taken any medication yourself or traded it in any way?

Julie Garcia: Yeah, I’ve been taking medication to deal with the pain Tylenol, and that works okay for a few hours, but I don’t like to keep taking it.

Carl Rogers: Okay. And what about heat treatment? We tried applying heat.

Julie Garcia: It’ll No, but I have been using ice on it for the last few days on.

Carl Rogers: Does that seem to help the pine? It’ll

Julie Garcia: a little Yes.

Carl Rogers: Good. You look as if you quite fit Normally I am. Yes. So do you do any sport on a regular basis?

Julie Garcia: Yes. I play a lot of tennis. I belong to a club. So I go there a lot. I’m quite competitive. So I enjoy that side of it as well as the exercise. But I haven’t gone since this started.

Carl Rogers: Sure. And you do any other types of exercise?

Julie Garcia: Yeah. I sometimes do a little swimming, but usually just when I’m on vacation. But normally I go running a few times a week, maybe three or four times.

Carl Rogers: So your legs are getting quite a pounding. But you haven’t had any problems up to now.

Julie Garcia: No, not with my legs. I did have an accident last year when I slipped and hurt my shoulder, but that’s better now.

Carl Rogers: Excellent. Do you have any allergies?

Julie Garcia: No. None that I’m aware of.

Carl Rogers: And you take any medication on a regular vice is

Julie Garcia: well, I take vitamins, but that’s all. I’m generally very healthy.

Carl Rogers: Okay, well, let’s have a closer look and see what might be causing the problem


Attempt full listening test…



IELTS LISTENING – Woolly Mammoths on St Paul’s Island S19AT3


Woolly Mammoths on St Paul’s Island

Tutor: So, Rosie and Martin, let’s look at what you’ve got for your presentation on woolly mammoths.

Rosie: Okay, We’ve got a short outline here.

Tutor: Thanks. S. So it’s about a research project in North America?

Martin: Yes, but we thought we needed something general about woolly mammoths in our introduction to establish that they were related to our modern elephant. And they lived thousands of years ago in the last ice age.

Rosie: Maybe we could show a video clip of a cartoon about Mammoth

That that would be a bit childish. Or we could have a diagram. It could be a timeline to show when they lived with illustrations.

Martin: Or we could just show a drawing of them walking in the ice. No, let’s go with your last suggestion.

Tutor: Good. Then you’re describing the discovery of the mammoth, tooyh, on St Paul’s Island in Alaska. On why it was significant

Rosie: Yes. The tooth was found by a man called Russell Graham. He picked it up from under a rock in the cave. He knew it was special for a start it with in really good condition, as if it had been just extracted from the animals. Jule Bone. Anyway, they found it was 6500 years old.

Tutor: So why was that significant?

Rosie: Well, the mammoth bones previously found on the North American mainland were much less recent than that. So this was really amazing.

Martin: Then we’re making an animated diagram to show the geography of the area in prehistoric times. So, originally, some Pause Island wasn’t an island. It was connected to the mainland on mammoths and other animals, like bears were able to roam around the whole area.

Rosie: Then the climate warmed up on the sea, levels began to rise, and the island’s got cut off from the mainland. So those mammoths on the island couldn’t escape. They had to stay on the island.

Martin: And in fact, the species survived there for thousands of years after they’d become extinct on the mainland.

Tutor: So why do you think they died out on the mainland?

Rosie: No one? Sure.

Martin: Anyway, next will explain how Graham and his team identified the date. When the mammoths became extinct on the island, they concluded that the extinction happened 5600 years ago, which is a very precise time for a prehistoric extinction. It’s based on samples they took from mud at the bottom of a lake on the island. They analysed it to find out what had fallen in overtime, bits of plants, volcanic ash and even DNA from the mammoth themselves. It’s standard procedure, but it took nearly two years to do.

Tutor: So why don’t you quickly go through the main sections of your presentation on discuss what actions needed for each part.

Martin: Okay, so for the introduction, we’re using a visual. So once we prepared that, we’re done,

Rosie: I’m not sure. I think we need to write down all the ideas we want to include here, not just reliable memory. How we begin. The presentation is so important.

Martin: You’re right.

Rosie: The discovery of the mama’s teeth is probably the most dramatic part. But we don’t have that much information only what we got from the online article. I thought maybe we could get in touch with the researcher who led the team and ask him to tell us a bit more. Great

Martin: idea. What about the section with the initial questions asked by the researchers. We’ve got a lot on that, but we need to make it interesting.

Rosie: We could ask the audience to suggest some questions about it and then see how many of them we can answer. I don’t think it would take too long.

Tutor: Yes, that would add a bit of variety.

Martin: Then the section on further research carried out on the island, analysing the mud in the lake. I wonder if we’ve actually got too much information here. Should we cut some?

Rosie: I don’t think so, but it’s all a bit muddled at present.

Martin: Yes, maybe it would be better if it followed a chronological pattern.

Rosie: I think say the findings and possible explanations section is just about ready, but we need to practise it. So we’re sure it went over run. I think

Martin: it should be OK, but yes, let’s make sure

Tutor: in the last section relevance to the present day. You’ve got some good ideas, but this is where you need to move away from the ideas of others and give your own viewpoint.

Martin: Okay, We’ll think about that now. Shall we show you something?

Attempt full listening test…