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IELTS READING – FLYING TORTOISES S24AT1

IELTS READING S24AT1

Flying tortoises

An airborne reintroduction programme has helped conservationists take significant steps to protect the endangered Galapagos tortoise.

A. Forests of spiny cacti cover much of the uneven lava plains that separate the interior of the Galapagos island of Isabela from the Pacific Ocean. With its five distinct volcanoes, the island resembles a lunar landscape. Only the thick vegetation at the skirt of the often cloud-covered peak of Sierra Negra offers respite from the barren terrain below. Q1 This inhospitable environment is home to the giant Galapagos tortoise. Sometime after the Galapagos’s birth, around five million years ago, the

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IELTS READING – THE INTERSECTION OF HEALTH SCIENCES AND GEOGRAPHY S24AT2

IELTS READING S24AT2

The Intersection of Health Sciences and Geography

A. While many diseases that affect humans have been eradicated due to improvements in Q20 vaccinations and the availability of healthcare, there are still areas around the world where certain health issues are more prevalent. In a world that is far more globalised than ever before, people come into contact with one another through travel and living closer and closer to each other. As a result, super-viruses and other infections resistant to Q21 antibiotics are becoming more and more common.

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IELTS READING – THE LOST CITY S23AT2

IELTS READING S23AT2

THE LOST CITY

An explorer’s encounter with the ruined city of Machu Picchu, the most famous icon of the Inca civilisation

A. When the US explorer and academic Q21 Hiram Bingham arrived in South America in 1911, he was ready for what was to be the greatest achievement of his life: the Q21 exploration of the remote hinterland to the west of Cusco, the old capital of the Inca empire in the Andes mountains of Peru. Q14 His goal was to locate the remains of a city called Vitcos, the last capital of the Inca civilisation. Cusco lies on a high plateau at an elevation of more than 3,000 metres, and Bingham’s plan was to descend from this plateau along the valley of the Urubamba river, which takes a circuitous route down to the Amazon and passes through an area of dramatic canyons and mountain ranges.

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IELTS READING – THE RISKS AGRICULTURE FACES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES S23AT1

IELTS READING S23AT1

The risks agriculture faces in developing countries

Synthesis of an online debate

A. Q1 Two things distinguish food production from all other productive activities: first, every single person needs food each day and has a right to it; and second, it is hugely dependent on nature. These two unique aspects, one political, the other natural, make food production highly vulnerable and different from any other business. At the same time, cultural values are highly entrenched in food and agricultural systems worldwide.

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