IELTS LISTENING – Monosodium Glutamate S23GT4

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Monsodium Glutamate

Lecturer 1: In today’s lecture, I’m going to talk about monosodium glutamate, or MSG, as it’s more commonly known. Now. MSG, as you probably know, is a flavour enhancer, which is used particularly in Chinese and Japanese cooking. Today I am going to explore why it is so popular in these cuisines and more importantly, how does it enhance the flavour of food? The main reason why MSG is more commonly used in Japanese meals is tradition. For many thousands of years, the Japanese have incorporated a type of seaweed known as kombu in their cooking as they discovered it had the ability to make food taste better. But it wasn’t until 19 0 wait that the ingredient in kombu, which was responsible for the improvement in flavour, was actually discovered to be glutamate by scientists working there from 19 0 wait until 1956 glutamate was produced commercially in Japan by a very slow and expensive means of extraction. It was in 1956 that the speed of the process was improved and industrial production increased dramatically and still continues to increase to this day. In fact, hundreds of thousands of tonnes of MSG are produced all over the world today. So what exactly is chemistry? Well, monosodium glutamate contains 78.2% glutamate, 12.2% sodium and 9.6% water. Glutamate is an amino acid that can be found naturally in all protein containing foods. Um, so this includes foods such as meat and cheese. It is widely known that Chinese and Japanese food contains MSG, but many people don’t seem to be aware that it is also used in foods and other parts of the world. For example, it is found in commercially made Italian pizzas in American fast food, and in Britain, MSG is used in things like potato crisps. So how exactly does MSG work well in the Western world, we commonly talk of four tastes, and I’m sure you’re all familiar with the concepts of sweet, sour, bitter and salt. Well, in 19 0 wait, he could not. A Ikeda identified 1/5 taste, and it is thought that MSG intensifies this naturally occurring taste in some food. It does make perfect evolutionary sense that we should have the ability to detect or taste glutamate because it is the amino acid, which is most common in natural foods. John Prescott, an associate professor at the University of Chicago, suggests that this fifth taste serves a purpose just as the other tastes, too. He suggests that it signals to us the presence of protein and food in the same way that sweetness indicates that a food contains energy giving carbohydrates. Bitterness, he says, alerts us to toxins in the food, while sour nous warns us of spoilage and saltiness signals the presence of minerals. So what else do we know about this fifth taste

 
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IELTS LISTENING -HOMESTAY APPLICATION S23GT1

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HOMESTAY APPLICATION

Housing Officer: Yes. What can I do for you?

Keiko: My friend is in homestay and she really enjoys it. So I’d like to join a family as well.

Housing Officer: Okay, so let me get some details. What’s your name?

Keiko: My name is Keiko. You Tini.

Housing Officer: Could you spell your family name for me?

Keiko: It’s you, Tini. That’s why you I c h I n i

Housing Officer: and your first name.

Keiko: It’s Keiko. K e I k o. That’s Keiko. You Jeannie.

Housing Officer: Okay. And your female and your nationality.

Keiko: I’m Japanese,

Housing Officer: Right? And Chrissy, your passport, please.

Keiko: Here it is.

Housing Officer: Okay. Your passport number is J 06 Double 37 And you’re how old?

Keiko: I’m 28 years old now.

Housing Officer: You live in one of the colleges. Which one?

Keiko: Willow College. Um Rym 21 c

Housing Officer: Right. 21. See Willow College on How long you planning on staying with homestay?

Keiko: About four months longer if I like it.

Housing Officer: And what course are you enrolled in?

Keiko: Well, I’ve been ruled for 20 weeks in the ah, um, advanced English studies because I need help with my racing, and I’m nearly at the end of my 1st 5 week course.

Housing Officer: Okay. Do you have any preference for a family with children or without children?

Keiko: I prefer. I mean, I like young children, but I’d like to be with older people, you know, adults. Someone around my age.

Housing Officer: Okay, Andi, what about pets?

Keiko: I am a veterinarian, so that’s fine. The more the better.

Housing Officer: All right, Now, what about you? Are you a vegetarian or do you have any special food requirements?

Keiko: No, I am not a vegetarian, but I don’t eat a lot of meat. I really like seafood. And what are your hobbies? I like reading and going to the movies.

Housing Officer: Do you play any sports?

Keiko: Yes. I joined the handball team, but I didn’t like that. So I stopped playing. Now I play tennis on the weekend with my friends.

Housing Officer: All right, let’s see. Name, age. Now the location. Are you familiar with the public transport system?

Keiko: No, I’m not, really. Because I have been living on campus. I’ve been to the city a few times on the bus, but they are always late.

Housing Officer: What about the trains?

Keiko: I like catching the train. They are much faster.

Housing Officer: Now. Let me go cheque on the computer and see who I’ve got. Listen, leave it with me. I’ll cheque my records on DH. I’ll give you details this afternoon.

Keiko: Thank you for helping me.

Housing Officer: It’s a pleasure, bye

 
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IELTS LISTENING – Geography Presentation S23GT3

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Geography Presentation

Student A: Remind me, Trevor, how long is the presentation?

Student B: Dr. White said three per hour.

Student A: So about 20 minutes.

Student B: Well, it’ll be 15 minutes per presentation on five minutes for questions. And is this one gonna be assessed?

Student A: No, not this time around. Because it’s the 1st 1 You No good news. Well, what are we going to include?

Student B: Well, do you think we ought to give some historical background?

Student A: Oh, no, definitely. No, we won’t have time.

Student B: OK, but I think we ought to say something about the geographical location because not a lot of people know where the islands are.

Student A: Yes. Okay, I’ll take note. Shall I?

Student B: Yeah, that would be a help.

Student A: So, geographic coop location.

Student B: Then we would have given an overview of the whole education system.

Student A: Shouldn’t we say something about the economy, you know, agricultural, produce, minerals, and so forth?

Student B: Well, doctor, wife said we shouldn’t go into that sort of detail,

Student A: but it’s pretty important when you think about it, you know, because it does influence the education, sir. System.

Student B: Look, let’s think about that. Would later, shall we say, Let’s see how we doing for time.

Student A: Okay, So, general overview. Off education,

Student B: of course. And then the roll of English language?

Student A: No, that goes in the language policy seminar. Don’t you remember?

Student B: You sure?

Student A: Positive.

Student B: What? So those are the topics we’re going to be to be covering

Student A: We need to think about what to prepare. Dr. White said he wanted us to use plenty of visuals and things, and we might as well try them out when we’re not being assessed.

Student B: Well, the most important thing is thea overhead projector.

Student A: No problem. We’ll get that from the media room. Must remember to book it.

Student B: Well, we’ll need a map, of course,

Student A: probably to one of the island’s large scale on one of West Africa. Well, the West African one is no problem. There’s one in the resources room.

Student B: Oh, yeah, of course. The resources room. The island’s gonna be more of a problem.

Student A: Tell you what, There’s a very clear map of Santiago in that tourist brochure I showed you last week. Don’t you remember it? Oh, yeah, That’s right. We can just use the tourist Russia. We also need statistics on several different things.

Student B: Literacy writes?

Student A: Yes. And school places. How about the Encyclopaedia? No, not up to date. Enough. Mmm. Why don’t we call the embassy? Oh, someone’s enthusiastic. Well, if something’s worth doing, I know it’s worth doing well. Okay.

Student B: We confined our statistics on school places from them as well.

Student A: Much as well.

Student B: Look, Julie, it’s almost time for our tutorials. We can meet again on Monday, but we need to prepare some stuff before then.

 
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IELTS LISTENING – NATURAL RESERVE S23GT2

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NATURAL RESERVE

Guide : Welcome to all of you. Can everybody see and hear me? Good on Sally, your guide for this tour of the Bicentennial Park. I hope that you’re all wearing and most comfortable whose and that you can keep up the pace. So let’s get underway on our tour around this wonderful park. I’ll start today with some general background information. They used to be a lot of factories in this area until the 19 sixties. Creating the pact required the demolition of lots of derelict buildings on the site, So most of the exciting park space all around you was originally warehouses and store houses. The idea of building a public park here was first discussed when a property developer proposed ah, high rise housing development. But the local community wasn’t happy if the land was to be cleaned up. They wanted to use the site for recreation. Residents wanted open space for outdoor activities rather than housing or even an indoor sports conflict. Now to the bicentennial park itself. It has two areas on nature reserve and a formal part with man made features and gardens. The tool, blue and white building in front of us is called the Tower and is the centre point for the formal gardens. It stands 12 metres high, so follow me up the stairs to where we can take advantage of the fantastic views. Oh well, here we are at the top of the tower, and we’re gonna look at the view from each direction. Out to the east. The large buildings, about a kilometre away, are on the Olympic site. There’s an indoor arena for gymnastics, a stadium but track and field and a swimming pool for races and synchronised swimming and also diving. If you look carefully down there, you can see the train lines. The Olympic site has its own station to encourage the use of public transport. There is also a car park, but it only holds a limited number of cars. The formal pack has some specially created water features. If you look out here to the south, you can see a circular ornamental pond and around to the west. You can relax and sit on a bench to smell the flowers in the Rose Garden and finally up to the north. If you look in front of you. Now there’s a lake with a small island in the centre. You can hire rowing boats at the boat shed, which you can’t see from here. But if you look through the trees, you can see the cafe, which has a lovely views across the water. Okay, let’s climb down now. We will go now and have a look at the Nature reserve section of the park, which has opened up natural wit lend to the public. The mangroves have bean made more accessible to visitors by the boardwalk built during the packs upgrade. You’d think that people would come here to look at the unusual plant life of the area, but in fact it’s more often used for cycling and is very popular with the local clubs. This is the far end of the park, and over there you can see the frog pond, a natural feature here long before the park was designed Just next to it, we have our outdoor classroom, a favourite spot for school parties. The area is now most often used by primary schools for biology lessons. And finally, let’s passed by the water bird refuge. This area is in a sheltered part of the history. That’s why the packs viewing shelter is a favourite spot for bird watchers who can use it to spy through binoculars. You can watch a variety of water birds, but most visitors expect to see black swans when they come to the shelter. You might spot one yourself right now. Well, he we are back at our starting point. The visitors

 

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IELTS LISTENING – TOTAL INSURANCE INCIDENT REPORT S21GT1

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TOTAL INSURANCE INCIDENT REPORT

Insurance Agent: Good morning. Total insurance duty speaking. How may I help you?

Michael Alexander: I recently shipped my belongings from overseas back here to Australia and I took out insurance with your company. Some items were damaged during the move, so I need to make a claim. What do I have to do?

Insurance Agent: Okay. Well, first I need to get a few details about this. Can you give me your name, please?

Michael Alexander: Yes, It’s Michael Alexander.

Insurance Agent: Okay. And your address, please.

Michael Alexander: My old address or my current one?

Insurance Agent: Your current one.

Michael Alexander: It’s 24 Manley Street Mill pere. Nice, Sidney.

Insurance Agent: What was the suburbs? Sorry.

Michael Alexander: Mill para M I l e Ah A

Insurance Agent: Right now. Who was the shipping agent, Mr. Alexander?

Michael Alexander: You mean the company we used?

Insurance Agent: Yes. The company were packed everything up at the point of origin.

Michael Alexander: Oh, it was, um, at first class movers.

Insurance Agent: Okay, Where were the goods shipped from

Michael Alexander: China. But the ship came via Singapore was there for about a week.

Insurance Agent: Don’t worry. All of that information will be in the documentation. Now. The dates Do you know? When the ship arrived,

Michael Alexander: it left on the 11th of October on Got to Sydney on the 28th of November.

Insurance Agent: Okay, I need one more thing. There’s a reference number. It should be in the top. Right hand corner of the pink form they gave you.

Michael Alexander: Ah, let me have a look. So many. Yes, here it is. It’s six. So one a ck. Gee,

Insurance Agent: thanks. I need to take down a few details of the actual damage over the phone before you put in a full report. Can you tell me how many items were damaged and what the damage? Wass?

Michael Alexander: Yes, Well, four things. Actually, I’ll start with the big things. My TV. First of all, it’s a large one. Very expensive

Insurance Agent: insurance doesn’t cover electrical problems.

Michael Alexander: It isn’t an electrical problem. The screen has a huge crack in it, so it’s unusable,

Insurance Agent: I say. Any idea of the price to repair it?

Michael Alexander: No. Well, I don’t think it can be repaired. It will need a new one.

Insurance Agent: Okay, I’ll make a note of that, and we’ll see what we can do. And now, what was the second item?

Michael Alexander: The cabinet from the bathroom was damaged as well. It’s a lovely cabinet. We use it to keep our towels in.

Insurance Agent: And what is the extent of the damage?

Michael Alexander: Well, the back in the sides seem okay, but the door has a huge hole in it. It can’t be repaired. I’m really not very happy about it.

Insurance Agent: And how much do you think it will cost to replace it?

Michael Alexander: Well, when I bought it last year, I paid $125 for it. But the one I have seen here in Sydney is a bit more expensive. It’s $140

Insurance Agent: right? And what was the third item?

Michael Alexander: My dining room table. It’s a lovely table from Indonesia. It must have been very hot inside the container because one leg has completely split down the middle. The top of the other three look. Okay. Thank goodness.

Insurance Agent: Any idea of the price to repair it?

Michael Alexander: Well, I had an estimate done on this, actually, because it is a very special table. Tow us. They quoted as $200 which is really pricey, so I hope the insurance will cover the total cost.

Insurance Agent: I’m sure that will be fine. What was the last item, Mr Alexander?

Michael Alexander: Well, we have a lovely set of China plates and dishes, you know, with matching cups sources. The lot. They were all in the one box, which must have got dropped because some plates were broken. Six, actually.

Insurance Agent: And can you tell me the replacement value of these?

Michael Alexander: Well, it’s hard to say because they were part of a set, but they could be up to $10 Each is it’s such a good set.

Insurance Agent: Okay, so that would be around $60. All

 

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IELTS LISTENING – Agricultural Park S21GT2

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Agricultural Park

Instructor: Welcome to Green Veil Agricultural Park. As you know, we’ve only been open a week, so you’re amongst our first visitors. We have lots of fascinating indoor and outdoor exhibits on our huge complex, spreading hundreds of Hector’s. Our remit is to give educational opportunities to the wider public, as well as the offer research sites for a wide variety of agriculturists and other scientists. Let’s start by seeing what there is to do. As you can see here on our giant war plan. We’re now situated in the reception block here. As you walk out of the main door into the park, there’s a path you can follow. If you follow this route, you’ll immediately come into the rare breed section where we keep a wide variety of animals, which I shall be telling you a little more about later. Next to this moving east is the large grazing area for the rap breeds. Then further east in the largest section of our park is the forest area south of a grazing area. And in fact, just next to the reception block is our experimental crop area in the middle of the park. This circular area is our lake, these two small rectangular shapes here. Ah, the fish farms where we re a fish for sale. To the east of those is the marsh area, which attracts a great many migrant birds in the southeastern corner. Beyond the marsh is our market garden area, growing vegetables and flowers. All these areas can be visited by the general public for almost all the year, although please take note of the large signs of the entrance to each area, which tell which tell you when certain areas are being used for particular controlled experiments and are therefore temporarily out of bounds to the public. You conceive yourself what a huge area of the park covers and a key question is always How can we move around? Well, you have a choice of means. All environmentally friendly cars are banned in the park. We have bicycles which you can hide behind the reception block here, healthy ones that you can go on foot on DH. Finally, there’s our electric tram part from solar cells. You find more information about this at the front entrance. A good place to start on your tour is the rare brief section. We keep goats, sheep and hens and other kinds of poultry. We’re also thinking of bringing cows and horses, but we do not as yet have facilities for these bigger animals. The animals are fed in public twice a day on a short lecture given on their feeding habits and nutritional needs. These are very popular with the public, but of course you mustn’t lose sight of the main purpose of having this section not has such to preserve rare animals, but to maintain the diversity of breeds, broaden the gene pool for agricultural development. Greenmail changes with the seasons with different events happening at different times of the year, may well be perhaps our most spectacular month with the arrival of the Canada geese and when our fruit trees will be in full blossom. But there are interesting events on all year round for example, John Hey, vers are expert fly fisherman is currently giving displays on the lake. Each of the sections has its own seasonal calendar. Please consult the summary board at the main entrance on the final section, as we return to the reception blocks is the orchard do take time to browse around our shop. There’s a wide selection of books on wild life, some of them written by local authors on the history of farming, including organic farming, something which the park will be diversifying into in the coming months.

 

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IELTS LISTENING – Enquiry About Booking hotel Room For Event S21AT1

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Enquiry About Booking hotel Room For Event

Andrew: Good morning, Claire House Hotel on Drew. Speaking on the events manager.

Samantha: Good morning, Andrew. My name’s Samantha. I’m arranging a party for my parents 50th wedding anniversary on bringing to ask about hiring a room sometime next September. Also, my parents and several of the guests will need accommodation.

Andrew: Okay, I’m sure we can help you with that. Will you be having a sit down meal or a buffet?

Samantha: Probably sit down on DH.

Andrew: Do you know how many people will be

Samantha: around 80? I think.

Andrew: Well, we have two rooms that can hold that Number one is the Adelphia Room, that conceit 85 or hold over 100. If people are standing for a buffet, right. If you have live music, there’s room for four or five musicians in the gallery overlooking the room. Our guests usually appreciate the fact that the music can be loud enough for dancing, but not too loud for conversation.

Samantha: Yes, I really don’t like it when you can’t talk

Andrew: exactly. Now the Adelphia Room is at the back of the hotel, and there are French windows leading out onto the terrace. This has a beautiful display of pots of roses. At that time of the year,

Samantha: which direction does it face?

Andrew: South west, so that side of the hotel gets the sun in the afternoon and early evening. Very nice. From the terrace, you can see the area of trees within the grounds of the hotel, or you can stroll through there to the river. That’s on the far side so it isn’t visible from the hotel. OK, then, another option is the Carlton Room. This is a bit bigger. It can hold up to 110 people on DIT has the advantage of a stage, which is useful if you have any entertainment or indeed, a small band, conf it onto it.

Samantha: Andi, can you go outside from the room?

Andrew: No, The Carlton room is on the first floor, but on one side the windows look out onto the lake.

Samantha: Lovely. I think either of those rooms would be suitable.

Andrew: Can I tell you about some of the options we offer? In addition,

Samantha: please do

Andrew: as well as a meal. You can have an M. C. A master of ceremonies who will be with you throughout the party?

Samantha: What exactly is Thie emcees function?

I suppose they make a speech during the meal. If we need one, do they?

Andrew: That’s right. All our emcees, they’re trained as public speakers so they can easily get people’s attention. Many guests. They’re glad to have someone who can make themselves heard above the chatter, and they’re also your support. If anything goes wrong, the emcee will deal with it so you can relax.

Samantha: Great. I’ll need to ask you about food. But something else that’s important is accommodation. You obviously have rooms in the hotel, but do you also have any other accommodation like cabins, for example?

Andrew: Yes, there are five in the grounds, all self contained. They each sleep 2 to 4 people and have their own living room, bathroom and small kitchen.

Samantha: That sounds perfect for what we’ll need. Now you have various facilities, don’t you? Are they all included in the price of hiring the room, the pool, for instance?

Andrew: Normally you’d be able to use it, but it will be closed throughout September for refurbishment. I’m afraid the gym will be available, though at no extra charge. That’s open all day from six in the morning until midnight, right on the tennis courts. But there is a small additional payment for those. We have four courts, and it’s worth booking in advance if you possibly can, as they can be quite a long waiting list for them right now

Samantha: Could we discuss the food? This would be dinner around seven o’clock.

 
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IELTS LISTENING – Honey Bees in Australia S21GT3

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Honey Bees in Australia

Teacher: Good morning, everyone in Today Simona Grant Freeman, a biologist who specialises in identifying insects and who works for the Australian Quarantine Service, has come to talk to us about his current. Was that work right? Well over you

Simona Grant Freeman: Grab. Good morning, everyone. I’m sure that you know that the quarantine service regulates all food brought into Australia. Well, obviously they want to protect Australia from diseases that might come in with imported goods, but they also want to prevent insect pests from being introduced into the country On. That’s where I have a part to play anyway. My current research involves trying to find a particular type of be the Asian honeybee and finding out whether there are any of them around in various states of Australia. We discovered a few of them in Queensland once and eradicated thumb. Now we’re pretty keen to make sure that there aren’t any more getting in, particularly to New South Wales and other states.

Student: What’s wrong with Asian honeybees? Are they so different from Australian bees?

Simona Grant Freeman: Well, in fact, they look almost the same. But they’re infested with mites, microscopic creatures which live on them and which can seriously damage our own homegrown bees or could even wipe them out.

Teacher: Well, what would happen if Australian bees died out?

Simona Grant Freeman: Well, the honey from Australian bees is of excellent quality, much better than the stuffy Asian bees produce. In fact, Australia exports Native Queen bees to a large number of countries. Because of these. When the European honey bee was first discovered out in the bush, we found they made really unpleasant honey on DH. They were also too big to pollinate many of our native flowers here in Australia

Student: that must have had a devastating effect on the natural flora. Did you lose any species?

Simona Grant Freeman: No. We managed to get them under control before that happened, but if Asian bees got in, there could be other consequences. We could lose a lot of money because you might not be aware, but it’s estimated that native bees. Pollination of flower and vegetable crops is worth $1.2 billion a year, so in a way, they’re the farmer’s friend. Oh, and another thing is, if you’re stung by an Asian honeybee, it can produce an allergic reaction in some people, so they’re much more dangerous than native bees.

Teacher: How will you know if A’s and B’s have entered Australia?

Simona Grant Freeman: We’re looking at the diet of the bird called the Rainbow Visa. The beater doesn’t care what it eats as long as they’re insects. But the interesting thing about this bird is that we are able to analyse exactly what it eats, and that’s really helpful. If we’re looking for introduced insects, how come because insects have their skeletons outside their bodies, so the beat has digested the meat from the inside. Then they bring up all the indigestible bits of skeleton and, of course, the wings in appellate, a small ball of waste material, which they cough up,

Teacher: that sounds a bit unpleasant. So how do you go about it in the field.

Simona Grant Freeman: We tracked down the bleachers and find their favourite feeling spots. You know the places where the birds usually feed. It’s here that we can find the pallets. We collect them up and take them back to the laboratory to examine the contents.

Teacher: How do you do that?

Simona Grant Freeman: The pellets were really hard, especially if they’ve been out in the sun for a few days. So first of all, we treat them by adding water to moisten them and make them softer. Then we pull them apart under the microscope. Everything’s all scrunched up, but we’re looking for wings, so we just pulled them all out and straighten them. Then we identify them to see if we can find any Asian be wings.

Teacher: And how many have you found?

Simona Grant Freeman: So far, our research shows that Asian bees have not entered Australia in any number. It’s a good result in much more reliable than trying to find live ones as evidence of introduced in six.

Teacher: Well, that’s fascinating. Thank you, Grant, for those insights, I hope that you might inspire some of our Teacher here to conduct some similar experiments.

 

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IELTS LISTENING – Research on questions about doctors S21GT4

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Research on questions about doctors

Shona: I’ve been doing some research into what people in Britain think of doctors, the ones who work in general practice, the first call for medical care and comparing this with the situation in a couple of other countries. I want to talk about the rationale behind what I decided to do now. I had to set up my programme of research in three different countries, So I approached postgraduates in my field in overseas departments, contacting them by email to organize things for me. At Baron, I thought I would have trouble recruiting help, but in fact everyone was very willing, and sometimes their tutors got involved, too. I had to give my helpers clear instructions about what kind of sample population I wanted them to use. I decided that people under 18 should be excluded because most of them are students or looking for their first job. And also, I decided at this stage just to focus on men who were in employment and set up something for people who didn’t have jobs and for employed women later on, as a separate investigation, I specifically wanted to do a questionnaire and interviews with a focus group with the question there, rather than limiting it to one specific point. I wanted to include as much variety as possible. I know questionnaires air a very controlled way to do things, but I thought I could do take interviews later on to counteract the effects of this. And the focus group may also prove useful in future by targeting subjects I can easily return to as the participants tend to be more involved. So I’m just collating the results now. At the moment, it looks as if in the UK, despite the fact that newspapers continually report that people are unhappy with medical care. In fact, it is mainly the third level of care, which takes place in hospitals that they are worried about. Government reforms have been proposed at all levels, and although their success is not guaranteed, long term hospital care is in fact probably less of an issue than the media would have us believe. However, I’ve still got quite a bit of data to look at. Certainly, I will need to do more far reaching research than I had anticipated in order to establish if people want extra medical staff invested in the community or if they want care to revert to fewer but larger icky medical units, the solution may well be something that can be easily implemented by those responsible in local government with central government support. Of course, this first stage has proved very valuable, though I was surprised by how willing most of the subjects were to get involved in the project. I had expected some unwillingness to answer questions honestly, but I was taken aback and rather concerned that something I thought I’d set up very well didn’t necessarily seem that way to everyone in my own department. I thought you might also be interested in some of the problems I encountered in collecting my data. There were odd cases that threw me. One of the subjects who I had approached while he was out shopping in town decided to pull out when it came to the second round. It was a shame as it was someone who I would like to have interviewed more closely, and one of the first year students I interviewed wanted reassurance that no names would be traceable from the answers. I was so surprised because they think nothing of telling you about themselves and their opinions in seminar groups. Then one of the people that I worked with got a bit funny. The questions were quite personal, and one minute he said he’d do it. Then the next day he wouldn’t and in the end he did do it. It’s hard not to get angry in that situation, but I tried to keep focused on the overall picture in order to stay calm. The most bizarre case was a telephone interview I did with a teacher at a university in France. He answered all my questions in great detail. But then when I asked how much access he had two dangerous substances, he wouldn’t tell me exactly what his work involved. It was a really eye opener that is the end of selection for you. Now have half a minute to check your answers. That is the end of the listening test in the aisles test. He would now have 10 minutes to transfer your answers to the answer sheet

 

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IELTS LISTENING – Purpose Of Children’s Literature S21AT3

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Purpose Of The Children’s Literature

Stephanie: Hello.

Trevor: Hello, Stephanie. You said you wanted to talk about the course I’m taking on literature of her children.

Stephanie: That’s right. I’m thinking of doing it next year, but I’d like to find out more about it first.

Trevor: Okay, well, as you probably know, it’s a one year course. It’s divided into six modules, and you have to take all of them. One of the most interesting ones, for me at least, was about the purpose of children’s literature.

Stephanie: You mean whether it should just entertain children or should be educational as well,

Trevor: right on DH, whether the teaching should be factual, giving them information about the world or ethical teaching them values. hat’s fascinating is that the writer isn’t necessarily conscious of the message they’re conveying. For instance, a storey might show a child who has a problem as a result of not doing what an adult has told them to do, implying that children should always obey adults.

Stephanie: I see what you mean.

Trevor: That module made me realise how important storeys are. They can have a significant effect on children as they grow up. Actually, it inspired me to have a go at it myself just for my own interest. I know I can’t compete with the really popular storeys like the Harry Potter books. They’re very good, and even young kids like my seven year old niece love reading them.

Stephanie: I’m very interested in illustrations in storeys. Is that covered in the course?

Trevor: Yes, there’s a module on pictures on how they’re sometimes central to the storey.

Stephanie: That’s good. I remember some frightening ones I saw as a child, and I can still see them vividly in my mind. Two years later, peaches can be so powerful, just as powerful as words. I’ve always enjoyed drawing, so that’s the field I want to go into when I finish the course. I bet that module will be really helpful.

Trevor: I’m sure it will. We also studied comics in that module, but I’m not convinced of their value not compared with books One of the great things about words is that you use your imagination, but with a comic you don’t have to.

Stephanie: But children are so used to visual input on TV, video games and so on. There are plenty of kids. You wouldn’t even try to read a book, so I think comics conserve a really useful purpose.

Trevor: You mean it’s better to read a comic than not to read at all? Yes, I suppose you’re right. I just think it’s sad when children don’t read books.

Stephanie: What about books for girls on books for boys? Does the course go into that?

Trevor: Yes, there’s a module on it. For years, lots of storeys in English at least assumed that boys went out and did adventurous things, and girls stayed at home and played with dolls. I was amazed how many books were targeted at just one sex or the other. Of course, this reflects society as it is when the books are written.

Stephanie: That’s true. So it sounds as though you think it’s a good course.

Trevor: Have you been reading lots of children’s storeys to help you decide whether to take the course?

Stephanie: Yeah, have gone as far back in the late 17th century, though I know there were earlier children’s storeys.

Trevor: So does that mean you read Perot’s fairytales, Cinderella, the Sleeping Beauty and so on?

Stephanie: Yes, they must be important because no storeys of that type had been written before. These were the first. And then there’s the Swiss family Robinson.

Trevor: I haven’t read that

Stephanie: the English name makes it sound, So Robinson is the family surname. But a more accurate translation would be the Swiss Robinsons because it’s about a Swiss family who was shipwrecked like Robinson Crusoe in the novel of a century earlier. Well,

Trevor: I never

Stephanie: knew that. Have you read Hoffman’s The Nutcracker in The Mouse King?

Trevor: Wasn’t that the basis for Tchaikovsky’s ballet than that?

Stephanie: That’s right. It has been quite a bizarre elements.

Trevor: I hope you’ve read Oscar Wilde’s The Happy Prince. It’s probably my favourite children’s storey of all time.

Stephanie: Ah, mine, too, on it so surprising because World is best known for his place on most of them are very witty, but the Happy Prince is really moving. I struggled with Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings, three long books and I gave up after one. It’s extremely

Trevor: popular, though.

Stephanie: Yeah, but where is something like the Happy Prince just carried me along with it. The Lord of the Rings took more effort than I was prepared to give it. I didn’t find

Trevor: that. I love it.

Stephanie: Mmm. Another one I’ve read is War Horse.

Trevor: Oh, yes. It’s about the first World War, isn’t it? Hardly what you’d expect for a children’s storey.

Stephanie: Exactly, But it’s

 
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IELTS LISTENING – Field Trip Proposal S22GT3

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Field Trip Proposal

Tutor: Right centre. You wanted to see me to get some feedback on your group’s proposal, the one you’re submitting for the Geography society field trip competition. I’ve had a look through your proposal, and I think it’s a really good choice. In fact, I only have a few things to say about it. But even in an outline document like this, you really have to be careful to avoid typos and problems with lay out in the proposal and even in the contents page. So read it through carefully before submitting it. Okay, well, d’oh! And I’ve made a few notes on the proposal about things which could have been better sequenced.

Sandra: Okay,

Tutor: As for the writing itself, I’ve annotated the proposal as and where I thought it could be improved. Generally speaking, I feel you’ve often used complex structures and long sentences for the sake of it. And as a consequence, although your paragraph ing and inclusion of subheadings help, it’s quite hard to follow your train of thought at times. So cut them down a bit. Kenya.

Sandra: Really?

Tutor: Yes. And don’t forget simple formatting like numbering.

Sandra: Didn’t I use page numbers?

Tutor: I didn’t mean that. Look, you’ve remembered to include headers and footers, which is good. But listing ideas clearly is important. Number them or used bullet points, which is even clearer. Then you’ll focus the reader on your main points. I thought your suggestion to go to the Navajo Tribal Park was a very good idea.

Sandra: You know, I’ve always wanted to go there. My father was a great fan of cowboy films and the Wild West, so I was subjected to seeing all the epic, many of which were shot there. As a consequence, it feels very familiar to me, and it’s awesome both geographically and visually. Throw it somewhere. I’ve always wanted to visit the subsequent research I did, and the online photographs made me even keener.

Tutor: Interesting, right? Let’s look at the content of your proposal now.

Sandra: Did you find it comprehensive enough?

Tutor: Well, yes and no. You’ve listed several differrent topics on your contents page, but I’m not sure they’re all relevant.

Sandra: No. Well, I thought that from the perspective of a field trip, one thing I needed to focus on was the sandstone plateau and cliffs themselves. The way they tower up from the flat landscape is just amazing. The fact that the surrounding softer rocks were eroded by wind and rain, leaving these huge outcrops high above the plain. It’s hardly surprising that tourists flocked to see the area

Tutor: Well, yes, I’d agree with including those points and then the fact that it’s been home to Native American Navajos and all the social history that goes with that.

Sandra: The hardships they endured trying to save their territory from the invading settlers. Their culture is so rich, all those wonderful storeys.

Tutor: Well, I agree it’s interesting, but it’s not immediately relevant to your proposal, Sandra. So at this stage, I suggest you focus on other considerations, I think an indication of what the students on the trip could actually do when they get there should be far more central. So that certainly needs to be included and to be expanded upon. And I’d like to see something about the local wildlife and vegetation, too. Not that I imagine there’s much to see. Presumably, the tourist invasion hasn’t helped.

Sandra: Okay, I’ll do some work on those two areas as well. But you’re right. There’s not much apart from some very shallow rooted species, although it’s cold and snowy there in the winter. The earth is baked so hard in the summer sun that rain water can’t penetrate. So it’s a case of flatter drought.

Tutor: Really? So I understand now before we look at, everything in more detail. I’ve got a few factual questions for you. It would be a good idea to include the answers in your finished proposal because they’re missing from your draught. Fine. So you mentioned the monoliths and the spires, which was good, but what area does the tribal park cover? Do you know?

Sandra: 12,000 hectares And the plane is it about 5850 metres above sea level. Larger than I expected.

Tutor: Okay, where’s the nearest accommodation? That’s a practical detail that you haven’t included. Have you done any research on that?

Sandra: Yes, there’s nowhere to stay in the park itself, But there’s an old trading post called Goulding. Quite near all kinds of tours start from Golding to

Tutor: what kind of tours?

Sandra: Well, the most popular are in four wheel drive cheat. But I wouldn’t recommend hiring those. I think the best way to appreciate the area would be to hire horses instead and trek around on those

 
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IELTS LISTENING – Latin American Studies S20GT3

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Latin American Studies

Tutor: I’ve been reading your personal statement, Paul. First, let’s talk about your work experience in South America. What took you there? Was it to gain more fluency in Spanish?

Paul: Well, as I’m combining Spanish with Latin American studies, my main idea was to find out more about the way people live there. My spoken Spanish was already pretty good, in fact,

Tutor: So you weren’t too worried about language barriers?

Paul: No. In fact, I ended up teaching English there. Although that wasn’t my original choice of work.

Tutor: I see. How did you find out about all this?

Paul: I found an agency that runs all kinds of voluntary projects in South America.

Tutor: What kind of work?

Paul: Well, there were several possibilities.

Tutor: You mean construction engineering work?

Paul: Yes. Getting involved in building projects was an option. Then there was tourism taking tourists for walks around the volcanoes, which I actually chose to do on DH. There was work with local farmers.

Tutor: But you didn’t continue with that project. Why not? Because I never

Paul: really knew whether I’d be needed or not. I thought it might be difficult physically, but I was certainly fit enough. No, I wanted to do something that had more of a proper structure. Teo, I suppose I get demotivated. Otherwise,

Tutor: what do you think you learned from your experience? It must have been a great opportunity to examine community life.

Paul: Yes, but it was difficult at first to be accepted by the locals. It was a very remote village on DH. Some of them were reluctant to speak to me, although they were always interested in my clothes and how much I had to pay for them. Well, that’s understandable. Yes, but things have improved. What struck me was that when people became more comfortable with me and less suspicious, we really connected with each other in a meaningful way. You made good friends? Yes, with two of the families in particular.

Tutor: Good. What about management? Did you have a project manager?

Paul: Yes. Andi gave me lots of advice and guidance

Tutor: on. Was he good at managing, too.

Paul: That wasn’t his strong point. I think he was often Mohr interested in the academic side of things than filing reports. He was a bit of a dreamer.

Tutor: And did you have a contract?

Paul: I had to stay for a minimum of three months. My parents were surprised when I asked to stay longer six months. In the end, I was so happy there

Tutor: and did anything on the administration side of things surprise you. What was the food and lodging like?

Paul: Simple. But there was plenty to eat, and I only paid $7 a day for that, which was amazing, really. And they gave me all the equipment I needed, even a laptop.

Tutor: You didn’t expect that, then? No. Well, I look forward to hearing more But now, let’s look at these models. You’ll need to start thinking about which ones you’ll definitely want to study. The 1st 1 here is gender studies in Latin America. It looks at how gender analysis is reconfiguring civil society in Latin America. Women are increasingly occupying positions in government andan other elected leadership positions in that in America. I think you’d find it interesting

Paul: if it was to do with people in the villages rather than those in the public sphere. I would.

Tutor: Okay, What about second language acquisition?

Paul: Do you think I would find that useful?

Tutor: Well, you’ve had some practical experience in the field. I think it would be.

Paul: I hadn’t thought about that. I’ll put that down as a definite man.

Tutor: Okay, What about indigenous women’s lives? That sounds appropriate.

Paul: I thought so, too. But I looked at last year’s exam questions, and that changed my mind.

Tutor: Don’t judge the value of the course on that. Maybe talk to some other students first. And we can talk about it again later. Okay? Yes, on DH. Lastly, will you sign up for Portuguese lessons?

Paul: My Spanish is good. So what? I find that module easy?

Tutor: Not necessarily. Some people find that Spanish interferes with learning Portuguese. Getting the accent right to it’s quite different in a lot of ways.

Paul: Well, I have much to do something else than all right.

Tutor: Now what we need to do

 
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IELTS LEARNING – Australian Aboriginal Rock Paintings S19GT4

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Australian Aboriginal Rock Paintings

Lecturer: Good morning, everyone. I’ve been invited to talk about my research project into Australian Aboriginal rock paintings. The Australian Aborigines have recorded both real and symbolic images of their time on rock walls for many thousands of years. Throughout the long history of this tradition, new images have appeared and new painting sells have developed, and these characteristics can be used to categorise the different artistic styles. Among these are what we call the dynamic am and modern styles of painting. One of the most significant characteristics all the different cells, is the way that humans are depicted in the paintings. The more recent paintings show people in static poses, but the first human images to dominate rock art paintings over 8000 years ago were full of movement. The’s paintings showed people hunting and cooking food, and so they were given the name dynamic to reflect this energy. It’s quite amazing considering there were painted in such a simple stick like form in the yam period, there was a movement away from stick figures tow a more naturalistic shape. However, they didn’t go as far as the modern style, which is known as X ray because it actually makes a feature of the internal skeleton as well as the organs of animals and humans. The Yan style of painting got its name from the fact that it featured much curvy of figures that actually resemble the vegetable. Call the M, which is similar to a sweet potato. The modern paintings are interesting because they include paintings. At the time of the first contact with European settlers, Aborigines managed to convey the idea of the settlers clothing by simply painting the Europeans without any hands, indicating the habit of standing with their hands in their pockets. Size is another characteristic. The more recent images tend to be life size or even larger, but the dynamic figures are painted in miniature. Aboriginal rock art also records the environmental changes that occurred over thousands of years. For example, we know from the dynamic paintings that over 8000 years ago aborigines would have rarely eaten fish and sea levels were much lower this time. In fact, fish didn’t start to appear in paintings until the end period, along with shells and other marine images. The paintings of the yam tradition also suggests that during this time the aborigines moved away from animals, is their main food source and began including vegetables in their diet Is Thies feature prominently. Fresh water creatures didn’t appear in the paintings until the modern period from 4000 years ago, so these paintings have already taught us a lot. But one image that has always intrigued us is known as the Rainbow Serpent. The Rainbow Serpent, which is the focus of my most recent project, gets its name from its snake or serpent like body, and it first appeared in the Yam period 4 to 6000 years ago. Many believe it is a curious mixture of kangaroos, snake and crocodile, but we decided to study the Rainbow Serpent paintings to see if we could locate the animal that the very first painter’s based their image on the end period coincided with the end of the last ice age. This brought about tremendous change in the environment with sea levels rising and creeping steadily inland. This flooded many familiar land features and also caused a great deal of disruption to traditional patterns of life. Hunting in particular, new shores were formed, and totally different creatures would have washed up onto the shores. We studied 107 paintings of the Rainbow Serpent and found that the one creature that matches it most closely was the ribbon to pipe fish, which is a type of seahorse. This sea creature would have been a totally unfamiliar sight in the inland regions where the image is found, and it may have been the inspiration behind the early paintings. So at the end of the ice age, there would have been enormous changes in animal and plant life. It’s not surprising, then, that the Aborigines linked this abundance to the new creatures they witnessed. Even today, Aborigines see the Rainbow Serpent as a symbol of creation, which is understandable given the increase in vegetation and the new life forms that featured when the image first appeared.

 

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IELTS LISTENING – WEST BAY HOTEL – DETAILS OF JOB S19GT1

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WEST BAY HOTEL – DETAILS OF JOB 

Westbury Hotel: Hello, Westbury Hotel. Can I help you?

Candidate: Oh, good morning. I’m ringing about your advertisement in the Evening Gazette

Westbury Hotel: is not the one for temporary staff. That’s right.Yes, I’m afraid the person who’s dealing with that isn’t in today. But I can give you the main details if you like.

Candidate: Just please.Could you tell me what kind of staff you’re looking for?

Westbury Hotel: We’re looking for waiters. At the moment. There was one post for a cook, but that’s already been taken.

Candidate: All right,what are the hours of work?

Westbury Hotel: There are two different shifts. There’s a day shift from 7 to 2 on a late shift from four till 11.

Candidate: And can people choose which one they want to do?

Westbury Hotel: Not normally, because everyone would choose the day shift. I suppose you alternate from one week to another.

Candidate: Okay, I’m just writing all this down.What about time off.

Westbury Hotel: You get one day off and I think you can negotiate. Which one? You want it more or less up to you. But it has to be the same one every week.

Candidate: Do you know what the rates of pay er

Westbury Hotel: Yes, I’ve got them here.You get £5. 50 an hour on that includes a break.

Candidate: So I have to go home to eat or

Westbury Hotel: you don’t have to. You could get a meal in the hotel if you want to. And there’s no charge for it. So you might as well.

Candidate: Oh, good, yes. So let’s see. I get it. 221 2 £131 a week.

Westbury Hotel: You don’t feel get tips are guests tend to be quite generous Before

Candidate: Is there a uniform? What about clothes?

Westbury Hotel: Yes, I forgot to mention that You need to wear a white show. It just a plain one on dark trousers. You know, not green or anything like that on. We don’t supply those.

Candidate: That’s okay. I’ve got trousers. I just have to buy a couple of shirts. What about anything else to do? I need a waistcoat or anything.

Westbury Hotel: You have to wear a jacket. But the hotel lend you that.

Candidate: I see one last thing.I don’t know what the starting date is

Westbury Hotel: in just a minute. I think it sometime around the end of June. Yes, the 28th in time for the summer.

Candidate: That’s great. I’m available from the tent.

Westbury Hotel: Oh, good. Well, if you can call again, you need to speak to the service manager. Her name’s Jane Irwin. That’s you R W I non. She’ll probably arrange to meet you.

Candidate: Okay, Andi, when’s the best time to rink?

Westbury Hotel: Could you call tomorrow?She usually starts checking the rooms at midday. So before then, if you can, so she’ll have more time to chat.

Westbury Hotel: I’ll just give you her number because she’s got a direct line. Thanks. It’s 832 double, 09

Candidate: 823 double, 09

Westbury Hotel: 832

Candidate: Okay, I guess I’ll do that

Westbury Hotel: on by the way, she will ask you for a reference. So you might like to be thinking about that, You know, just someone who knows you and can vouch for you.

Candidate: Yes, No problem. Well, thanks very much for your help.

Westbury Hotel: You’re welcome. Bye. Boy.

 

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IELTS LISTENING – Improvements to Red Hill Suburb S19GT2

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Improvements to Red Hill Suburb

Carol: Good morning and welcome again to your city today.With me today is Graham Campbell, a counsellor from the City Council. You’ll be telling us about the plan to improve the fast growing suburbs off Red hill. Good morning, gramme and welcome to the show.

Graham: Morning, Carol.

Carol: Now Graham, I understand that there has been a lot of community consultation for the new plan.

Graham: Yes, we try to address some of the concerns that local groups told us about people we’ve heard from the mainly worried about traffic in the area and in particular, the increasing speed of cars near schools. They feel that it’s only a matter of time before there’s an accident. Has a lot of children walk to school? So we’re trying to do something about that.Another area of concern is the overhead power lines. He’s a very old and a lot of people we spoke to asked if something could be done about them. Well, I’m happy to report that the power company have agreed to move the power lines underground at a cost of $800,000.I think that really improve the look of the area as well as being safer.

Carol: That’s good to know. But will that mean an increase in rates for the local businesses in that area?

Graham: Well, the power company have agreed to bear the cost of this themselves after a lot of discussion with the council. This is wonderful news, as the council now has an extra funds for us to put into other things, like tree planting an artwork. Now we’ve also put together a map, which you send out to all the residents in the area and on the map with Mark proposed changes. First Evil plant mature pine trees to provide shelter and shay just to the right of the supermarket in days road. In order to address the traffic problems. The payments on the corner of Carberry and Thomas street will be widened. This will help to reduce the speed of vehicles entering Thomas Street. We think it’s very important to separate the local residential streets in the main road, so the roadway at the entrance of Thomas Street from Days Road will be painted red. This should market more clearly and act as a signal for traffic to slow down. One way of making sure that the pedestrians are safe is to increase. Sign it. The intersections keep clear. Sign will be erected at the junction of Evelyn Street and Hill Street to enable traffic to exit at all times. Something we’re planning to do to help control the flow of traffic in the area is to instal traffic lights halfway down Hill Street, where it crosses days road. Now we haven’t only thought about the cars and traffic. Of course, there’s also something for the children began to get schoolchildren in the area to research a local storey. The life of a local sports hero, perhaps, and an artist will incorporate that storey into paintings on the wall of a building on the other side of Hill Street from the supermarket. And finally, we’ve agreed to build the new children’s playground, which will be at the other end of Hill Street, close to the intersection with Carvery Street.

Carol: Wonderful. Now what’s the next stage?

Graham: Well, the final plan

 

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IELTS LISTENING – Geography S22GT4

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IELTS LISTENING

Geography

Lecturer: So welcome to your introductory geography lecture. We’ll begin with some basics. Firstly, what do we learn by studying geography? Well, we learned a great deal about all the processes that have affected and that continue to affect the Earth’s surface. But we learn far more than that because Freddy and geography also informs us about the different kinds of relationships that developed between a particular environment and the people that live there. Okay, we like to think of geography as having two main branches. There’s the study of the nature of our planet. It’s physical features what it actually looks like. And then there’s the study of the ways in which we choose to live and of the impact of those on our planet. The current use of carbon fuels is a good example of that, but there are more specific study areas to consider two, and we’ll be looking at each of these in turn throughout the semester. These include by physical geography, by which I mean the study of the natural environment and all its living things, Then this topography that looks at the shapes of the land and oceans. There’s the study off political, geography and social geography, too, of course, which is the study of communities of people. We have economic geography, in which we examine all kinds of resources and their use agriculture, for example. Next comes historical geography, the understanding of how people and their environments and the ways they interact have changed over a period of time  and urban geography, an aspect I’m particularly interested in, which takes as its focus the location of cities, the services that those cities provide, and migration of people to and from such cities. And lastly we have cartography. That’s the art and science of not making you will be doing a lot of that. So to summarise before we continue, we now have our key answer. Studying this subject is important because without geographical knowledge we would know very little about our surroundings, and we wouldn’t be able to identify all the problems that relate to them. So by definition we wouldn’t be in an informed position to work out how to solve any off. Um, okay, now for some practicalities. What do geographers actually do? Well, we collect Dieter to begin with, you’ll be doing a lot of that on your first field trip. How do we do this? There are several means. We might, for example, conduct the senses counter population in a given area. Perhaps we also need images of the Earth’s surface, which we can produce by means of computer generation technology or with the help of satellite realise we’ve come a very long way from the early exploration of the world by sailing ships when geographers only had pens and paper at their disposal. After we’ve gathered our information, we must analyse it. We need to look for patterns, most commonly those of causes and consequences. This kind of information helps us to predict and resolve problems that could affect the world we live in. But we don’t keep all this information confidential. We then need to publish our findings so that other people can access it and be informed by it. And one way in which this information could be published it in the form of maps you’ll all have used one at some stage of your life already, let’s consider the benefits of maps from a geographers perspective. Maps can be folded and put in a pocket and can provide a great store of reference when they’re collected into an atlas. They can depict the physical features off the entire planet of necessary or just a small part of it in much greater detail. But there is a drawback. You can’t exactly replicate something that is three dimensional, like our planet on a flat piece of paper, because paper has only two dimensions, and that means they will always be a certain degree of distortion on a map. It can’t be avoided. We can also use aerial photographs, pictures taken by cameras at high altitude above the earth. These are great for showing all kinds of geographical features that are not easy to see from the ground. You can easily illustrate areas of disease trees or how much traffic is on the roads at a given time or information about deep sea beds, for example. Then there are land sets, these air satellites that circle the earth and transmit visual information to computers and receiving stations. They circle the Earth several times a day and can provide a massive information. You’ll be familiar with the information they give us about the weather, for example, So what we’re going to do now is look a short presentation in which you’ll see all these.

 
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