IELTS READING – THE WATER CRISIS S25GT5
THE WATER CRISIS
Greater efficiency in water use is needed to meet the growing demands of a changing world
A. Per capita water usage has been on an upward trend for many years. As countries industrialize and their citizens become more prosperous, their individual water usage increases rapidly. Annual per capita water withdrawals in the USA, for example, are about 1,700 cubic meters, four times the level in China and fifty times the level in Ethiopia. In the 21st century, the world’s limited supply of renewable fresh water is having to meet demands of both larger total population and increased per capita consumption. The only practicable ways to resolve this problem in the longer term are economic pricing in conjunction with conservation measures.
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