The growth of bike-sharing schemes around the world
How Dutch engineer Luud Schimmelpennink helped to devise urban bike-sharing schemes
A. The original idea for an urban bike-sharing scheme dates back to a summer’s day in Amsterdam in 1965. Provo, the organisation that came up with the idea, was a group of Dutch Q23 activists who wanted to change society. They believed the scheme, which was known as the Witte Fietsenplan, was an answer to the perceived Q18 threats of air pollution and Q24 consumerism. In the centre of Amsterdam, they painted a small number of used bikes white. They also distributed Q25 leaflets describing the dangers of cars and inviting people to use the white bikes. The bikes were then left unlocked at various locations around the city, to be used by anyone in need of transport.